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Here’s When You Should Use Cooking Spray (and When You Shouldn’t)

We explain which foods work best with cooking spray (like Pam) and when you're better off using olive oil or butter.

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TORONTO, CANADA - 2016/10/23: PAM: cooking sprays in store shelf. PAM is a brand name by Conagra Foods which an American Company. (Photo by Roberto Machado Noa/LightRocket via Getty Images)Roberto Machado Noa/Getty Images

A quick spritz of cooking spray magically keeps food from sticking to a pan. But it’s not good for every situation. Sometimes, you’re better off using nonstick spray alternatives like butter, shortening, oil, or lard. We break down when to use it, and when not to.

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Chorizo & Grits Breakfast BowlsTaste of Home

Works well: Low-fat, low-calorie cooking

If you’re counting your calories, cooking spray is the way to go. A one-second spray contains about 7 calories and 1 gram of fat. By comparison, a tablespoon of butter and olive oil both contain over 100 calories and 12 to 14 grams of fat, respectively.

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Blueberries and Cream Coffee CakeTaste of Home

Works well: Creating even, consistent coating

An evenly-greased pan means your baked goods won’t stick. No one wants to make a Bundt cake only to have half of it stay behind in the pan! Cooking spray coats more evenly than butter or shortening. For pans with lots of crevices and hard-to-reach places, consider using baking spray, which also contains flour for extra release protection. Here are 10 cooking tricks that are only taught in culinary schools.

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Close-up of chef's hand sprinkling powdered sugar on croissants with sieve in kitchen.simonkr/Getty Images

Works well: Holding parchment in place

If your recipe calls for parchment paper, give the pan a quick spray with cooking spray first. The spray will hold the parchment in place, keeping it from sliding around as you pour in the batter. Here’s the difference between parchment paper and wax paper.

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Measuring cups and spoons with a dark background.Arata Photography/Getty Images

Works well: Keeping sticky ingredients from sticking

Our favorite alternative use for cooking spray is to spray our measuring cups. It keeps stubborn, sticky ingredients like honey or peanut butter from sticking to the inside of the cup. You can also spray a box grater before grating cheese to make cleanup a breeze. Make sure you know the scary reason why you shouldn’t reuse cooking oil.

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Fresh avocado on cutting board over wooden backgroundtashka2000/Getty Images

Works well: Keeping an avocado from browning

This one might sound weird, but it totally works. Spray an avocado with nonstick cooking spray to create an oxygen-proof barrier. It works better than rubbing on oil or wrapping the avocado with plastic wrap.

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Lemon Pound Cake LoavesTaste of Home

Doesn’t work so well: Creating soft edges

Nonstick cooking spray creates a crust on the bottom of baked goods. That might be OK for some recipes, but recipes like pound cake taste better with soft, pillowy edges. It’s better to grease the pan with butter or shortening and coat it with a thin layer of flour for added stick protection.

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pouring eating oil in frying panzeljkosantrac/Getty Images

Doesn’t work so well: Nonstick pans

Cooking spray is not compatible with the coating on most nonstick pans. It can create a buildup over time that’s impossible to remove, ruining your pan. Instead, cook with a small amount of oil or butter.

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Gebratenes Rinderfilet, Medallion, Fleisch, Rindfleisch, dunkle Pfanne, Butter, Pfefferkörner, Rosmarin, Kräuterbutter, braten, Bläschen, schwarzer UntergrundWestend61/Getty Images

Doesn’t work so well: Creating flavor

Cooking spray is usually made with neutral oils, and it won’t help create layers of flavor in your cooking. When sautéing or searing meats and vegetables, use olive oil or butter for a more flavorful experience.

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Man shopping in supermarket, reading product informationVLG/Getty Images

Doesn’t work so well: Soy allergies

Most brands of cooking spray contain soy lecithin as an emulsifying agent that prevents the ingredients from separating. If you’re cooking for someone with a soy allergy, you’ll want to use another cooking oil.

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Green Maize Corn Field Plantation In Summer Agricultural Season. Skyline Horizon, Blue Sky Background.bruev/Getty Images

Doesn’t work so well: Avoiding GMOs

While there are some cooking sprays with a Non-GMO Project verified seal, most cooking sprays use soy, corn or rapeseed (canola) oil. If you’re avoiding GMOs but must use cooking spray, look for an organic brand.

Taste of Home
Originally Published on Taste of Home

Lindsay D. Mattison
Lindsay D. Mattison is a professional chef and a food writer. After graduating from Cascade Culinary school, Lindsay became the Executive Chef at Jackson's Corner in Bend, OR, from 2013 to 2016. Her genuine passion for food and sustainable food practices led her to find the farmer in herself. She lives in Durango, CO, where she enjoys the trials and errors of small plot farming. Lindsay is currently working on a cookbook that teaches home cooks how to craft beautiful meals without a recipe, tentatively titled "The Art of Bricolage: Cultivating Confidence and Creativity in the Kitchen."