When Is Mother’s Day—and Why Do We Celebrate It?
Memorize this date, and don't forget to call your mom!
You have a lot going on, so we’ll forgive you for asking “When is Mother’s Day?” once or twice this month. (Oh, fine, it might’ve been three times, but you have a lot going on.) Don’t panic, it hasn’t happened yet! The holiday is in May (it falls after May the 4th and Cinco de Mayo), so you still have time to figure out the best Mother’s Day ideas for spoiling and celebrating the mothers in your life, whether that means picking out special gifts for mom or planning a fun party.
You don’t remember it, but your birthday (or adoption day) was a big event for two people: you and the person you made a new mother in that instant. Ever since that fateful day, she’s gone on to play a lot of roles in your life. Mothers guide, teach, nurture, love, discipline, snuggle, feed, laugh, and so much more. This year, honor her with Mother’s Day gifts she’s guaranteed to love, Mother’s Day gift baskets, Mother’s Day cards (include one of these Mother’s Day wishes inside), or a Mother’s Day celebration based on her zodiac sign.
We’re answering your most pressing questions about the holiday, including “What day is Mother’s Day?” and “What Mother’s Day history do I need to know to impress my mom and earn favorite-child status?” Keep reading for the story behind this treasured day.
When is Mother’s Day 2023?
This year, Mother’s Day is on Sunday, May 14, 2023. That should give you plenty of time to come up with a celebration that’ll wow her. Or, you know, create a playlist of mom songs to bring on the waterworks.
Unlike holidays with a set date, Mother’s Day has more to do with a specific day of the week than a specific date. It falls on the second Sunday in May each year. Not that good with mental calendar math? We’ve calculated the dates for the next five Mother’s Days for you:
- Sunday, May 12, 2024
- Sunday, May 11, 2025
- Sunday, May 10, 2026
- Sunday, May 9, 2027
- Sunday, May 14, 2028
What is the history of Mother’s Day?
Even though mothers have existed since the beginning of humanity, celebrating Mother’s Day as a formal holiday is a fairly recent invention. It begins, like so many Mom stories, with a powerful bond between a mother and daughter.
Ann Reeves Jarvis, known as Mother Jarvis, was a mother and Sunday school teacher in rural West Virginia—until the Civil War broke out in 1861. She became an activist for human rights and mothers, no matter which side of the blue-gray divide they were on. To begin, she organized “mothers’ day work clubs.” These clubs taught mothers basic health, hygiene, and child-rearing skills to fight the unsanitary living conditions that caused so much death and disease in young children.
She went on to organize “women’s brigades” to help wounded soldiers and a Mothers’ Friendship Day to improve relations between former Union and Confederate families. After all, if anyone can calm down a heated argument, it’s a mother.
Mother Jarvis’s daughter, Anna M. Jarvis, was her devoted disciple and served beside her mother. As Mother Jarvis’s health declined, Anna became her caretaker, devoting years to her beloved mom. On May 8, 1905, Mother Jarvis died of heart complications.
Anna, by then a young mother herself, was devastated by the loss. In 1906, she invited friends and family to a special church service to honor her mother on the one-year anniversary of her death. She handed out carnations, Mother Jarvis’s favorite flower, to all the mothers in attendance. (The origin of Mother’s Day flowers, perhaps?)
It was such a moving tribute, she and her loved ones decided to keep the tradition going each May. They broadened the celebration to include mothers in general.
Jarvis went on a campaign to spread her favorite holiday, writing letters, petitioning politicians, and talking about her mother to anyone who would listen. In 1915, her efforts paid off. President Woodrow Wilson declared Mother’s Day an annual national observance in the United States, to be held on the second Sunday of May. Make sure you also check out these mom quotes that will make you want to call her.
Why is it called Mother’s Day?
Tom Werner/Getty Images
More perplexing than the question “When is Mother’s Day?” is the question of why the holiday’s name is singular, not plural—Mother’s Day, not Mothers’ Day. Anna Jarvis was adamant that it be dedicated to just one mother. Its purpose, she said, is “to honor the best mother who ever lived: yours.”
Another way to honor your mom: Create a photo album of mother-child moments and decorate it with mother-daughter quotes, mother-son quotes, tender words, and inside jokes.
When is Mother’s Day celebrated in other countries?
More than 50 countries around the world celebrate Mother’s Day. Many of these celebrations share the same date as the U.S. holiday, including those in Australia, Brazil, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Fiji, Netherlands, New Zealand, Taiwan, and Venezuela. These countries share similar traditions of honoring mothers with store-bought and DIY gifts, flowers, and food. There are also countries that do things a little differently.
Many Middle Eastern countries, including Egypt, Iran, Iraq, and Bahrain, celebrate Mother’s Day on March 21, the spring equinox. Egyptians started the holiday to honor Isis, the goddess seen as the ideal of motherhood. Today, Egyptian children write their moms thank-you notes and do all the household chores that day.
You can take a page out of their book and add a heartfelt thank-you with one of these printable Mother’s Day cards. Then set her up with a mimosa or tea, which she can sip while you vacuum her house or fold her laundry.
Mother’s Day in Hungary is celebrated on the first Sunday of May. Young children make handmade cards and crafts to give to their mothers. Lilacs are the official flower of Mother’s Day in Hungary, and many bouquets are handed out.
You can certainly go the DIY route—you know Mom has been a fan of your work since your macaroni-necklace days—but she’ll be equally appreciative of anything you get her, including one of these Amazon Mother’s Day gifts.
The Irish celebrate Mother’s Day on the fourth Sunday during Lent. They start the holiday by attending a special church service dedicated to Mary, the mother of Jesus. Afterward, children present their mothers with hand-picked bouquets and small gifts. (Running short on time? Pick one of these last-minute Mother’s Day gifts.)
Israeli Mother’s Day is celebrated on Shvat 30, a Sabbath day that falls between January 30 and March 1, depending on the Jewish calendar. In the 1990s, the government changed the holiday from Mother’s Day to Family Day to acknowledge the changing roles and structures of modern families.
Mother’s Day in Russia is celebrated in the fall, on the last Sunday in November. But this holiday is comparatively small, and Russian mothers are more formally celebrated on International Women’s Day on March 8. Children are expected to give their mother flowers but also honor and congratulate all maternal figures in their lives, including grandmothers, mothers-in-law, and aunts.
That’s a good reminder to plan a Mother’s Day gift for your own grandma. At the very least, send a pretty card with a heartfelt message inside.
Fun facts about moms and Mother’s Day
Tara Moore/Getty Images
You can break out the mom jokes and Mother’s Day poems during Mother’s Day brunch, but if you really want to impress Mom with your ability to collect random bits of trivia, share these Mother’s Day facts.
More phone calls are made on Mother’s Day than any other day of the year, causing phone usage to go up by as much as 37 percent.
Following its founder’s lead, carnations remain the official flower of Mother’s Day in the United States.
One-quarter of all flower and plant purchases made for a holiday happen around Mother’s Day.
Mother’s Day is the busiest day of the year for restaurants in America, with brunch being the most popular meal.
Anna M. Jarvis tried to stop Mother’s Day just five years after getting it officially recognized. She said it had become too commercialized and hated it until she died in 1948.
Cards are the most popular “gift” given on Mother’s Day, with over 120 million sent each year. But your mom may just want the gift of time spent with her kids. So take her to lunch, plan a family outing, or simply curl up on the couch for one of these mom movies.
By now, you can confidently answer the question, “When is Mother’s Day?” But can you make it through these mom memes without cracking up?
- Farmer’s Almanac: “Have a Happy Mother’s Day 2022: Facts, Folklore, Recipes, and Ideas”
- Discovering Ireland: “Mother’s Day in Ireland”
- Israel21c: “The story of how Israel’s Mother’s Day became Family Day”
- ProFlowers: “Mother’s Day Flower Statistics”
- FSR Magazine: “Dollar Days”