More Than 300 Words Were Just Added to

Rage farming, petfluencer, hellscape and self-coup are just a few of the many modern words is helping us define.

Trauma dumping, digital nomad, nearlywed, petfluencer and antifragile. On paper, these words seemingly have nothing in common. However, they’re all part of the 313 words newly added to commonly helps users navigate the ins and outs of modern terms. Typically, the online dictionary semi-annually releases hundreds of new words and revisions of words that reflect “the pace with which language adapts” to change.

Now, this past week, the platform has added 313 new words along with more than 1,100 revised definitions of words to their online dictionary. And some of them may be surprising!

How are new words chosen to be added to

According to, there are four areas of criteria that are taken into consideration when adding a new word to the dictionary. Simply put, they break it down into these four requirements:

  1. It’s a word that’s used by a lot of people.
  2. It’s used by those people in largely the same way.
  3. The word is likely to stick around.
  4. It’s useful for a general audience.

What are some of the new words added to this year?

Hand of a man using a magnifying glass to look over dictionary pages CemSelvi/Getty Images

So what are some of the words that made the cut this year? Here’s a list of some of our favorites from the roundup of new words:

  • Cakeage: A fee charged by a restaurant for serving a cake brought in from outside.
  • Digital nomad: A person who works remotely while traveling for leisure, especially when having no fixed, permanent address.
  • Nearlywed: A person who lives with another in a life partnership, sometimes engaged with no planned wedding date, sometimes with no intention of ever marrying.
  • Hellscape: A place or time that is hopeless, unbearable or irredeemable.
  • Antifragile: Becoming more robust when exposed to stressors, uncertainty or risk.
  • Liminal space: A state or place characterized by being transitional or intermediate in some way.
  • Rage farming: The tactic of intentionally provoking political opponents, typically by posting inflammatory content on social media, in order to elicit angry responses and thus high engagement or widespread exposure for the original poster.
  • Trauma dumping: Unsolicited, one-sided sharing of traumatic or intensely negative experiences or emotions in an inappropriate setting or with people who are unprepared for the interaction.
  • Native language: A language that a person acquires fully through extensive exposure in childhood.
  • Petfluencer: A person who gains a large following on social media by posting entertaining images or videos of their cat, dog or other pet.
  • Bedwetting: Exhibition of emotional overreaction, as anxiety or alarm, to events, especially major decisions or outcomes.
  • Self-coup: A coup d’état performed by the current, legitimate government or a duly elected head of state to retain or extend control over government, through an additional term, an extension of term, an expansion of executive power, the dismantling of other government branches, or the declaration that an election won by an opponent is illegitimate.
  • Cakeism: The false belief that one can enjoy the benefits of two choices that are in fact mutually exclusive, or have it both ways.
  • Subvariant: A genetically distinct form of a virus, bacteria, or another microorganism which arises when a variant of the original strain mutates.
  • Southern Ocean: The waters surrounding Antarctica, comprising the southernmost waters of the World Ocean.

On the new words, John Kelly, the senior director of editorial at says, “the sheer range and volume of vocabulary captured in our latest update to reflects a shared feeling that change today is happening faster and more than ever before.” You can check out the rest of the list on and while you’re at it, take a look at the new words added to the dictionary in 2023.


  • “How New Words Get Added to—And How the Dictionary Works”
  • “Winter 2023 New Words: “Everything, Everywhere, All At Once”
  • USA Today: “ adds over 300 new words: Here’s what deadass, hellscape and petfluencer mean”

Jessica Kaplan
Jessica Kaplan is an assistant editor who has written lifestyle content for Reader’s Digest, Family Handyman and The Healthy. Her expertise includes travel and restaurant news. These days, she creates timely trend content for Taste of Home. When she’s not writing, Jessica is bound to be planning out her next trip, trying out a new coffee spot or listening to a podcast.